Energy Affordability

Energy is one important component of housing costs as well as of transportation. Many consumer advocates, housing advocates and community organizations are working on combining strategies to make energy more affordable. Water is another essential component of decent housing generally delivered by a local utility and becoming increasingly expensive.

Affordability is best measured by calculating a consumer’s Energy (or Water) Burden, the percent of income that must be used to pay the bills. The formula is:

Energy Markets and Burdens


Regulations and Programs

Energy Technology and Green Development